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The Different Types and Categories of Water Damage

Any water damage can cause major problems in your home, but some types of water can be more dangerous for both your home and your health. Whenever you have water damage, it’s important to get professional water restoration in Marietta to help minimize future damage and to ascertain exactly what category of water damage you’re dealing with since they need to be addressed in different ways. Here’s what you need to know about the types and categories of water damage and how professionals will need to treat it.

Category 1 Water Damage

Category 1 water damage is also called clean water damage. Although any type of water damage can be devastating, this category is the least harmful to people and poses the lowest risk, especially when it’s taken care of right away. Clean water damage comes from sources such as overflowed sink or bathtubs before the water has become contaminated. It may also come from appliance malfunctions or broken toilet tanks. Another common source of category 1 water damage is from burst pipes from damage or during the winter when the pipes freeze. When clean water is cleaned up right away, you can often avoid secondary problems such as mold, but if it goes unnoticed or untreated, it will quickly change to category 2 water.

Treatment for Category 1

The best way to treat category 1 water before it can progress to category 2  is to quickly remove the standing water and dry out the area right away. Professional water damage removal companies use powerful vacuums and pumps to extract the standing water as well as water that’s soaked into absorbent items. When the water is removed as much as possible, the area must be well ventilated. Dehumidifiers are often used to remove excess moisture from the air as well to prevent mold growth. Powerful fans are usually used during this treatment process.

Category 2 Water Damage

Category 2 water is also called gray water and is contaminated with either biological or chemical products. This water is more dangerous than category 1 water because it can make humans and pets sick. Common sources of category 2 water include malfunctioning appliances that release water that’s been used to clean clothes or dishes, sump pump failures, or toilets that have overflowed with only urine in them.

Treatment for Category 2

To treat gray water, the professionals use protective equipment to protect against exposure to chemicals or microorganisms in the water that could make people ill. In addition to removing the water and drying everything out, things will need to be removed, and the area must be sanitized to stop mold and bacteria growth. Porous items must be completely dried and cleaned before the restoration process is complete.

Category 3 Water Damage

Category 3 water is also called black water and contains heavily contaminated water that contains sewage or fecal matter from other sources. It often occurs from a backed-up sewer line or after a powerful storm that causes flooding.

Treatment for Category 3

Treating category 3 water is a much more intensive process that requires the use of EPA-registered anti-microbial cleaning solutions to ensure all the dangerous microorganisms in the black water are addressed to neutralize their risk. Specific steps must be taken during this process to protect those who have to work in this dangerous environment and to make your home safe once again.

If you need help with water damage cleanup in Marietta, contact Integrity Restoration & Remodeling Contractors LLC today.