No matter if you’ve had a small plumbing leak or severe storm flooding, water damage can be ruinous in the home. But the severity of the damage depends on so much more than just the amount of water. The amount of deterioration and the necessary clean-up procedures are contingent on the length of exposure, the rate of soak-in, and the amount of evaporation. And this, in turn, depends on the area and materials affected by the water damage. Water damage is categorized into four categories to make it easier for companies that handle restoration and emergency water removal in Sandy Springs. Read on below to learn more about the four degrees of water damage.
For those in the cleaning and restoration industry, the ANSI/IICRC S500 Standard and Reference Guide for Professional Water Damage Restoration sets the standard. It offers real-world procedures and strategies that are based on a combination of hands-on experience and science. The IICRC classifies leaks and their potential for damage in four “classes.”
The degree of damage involves the least amount of water. This sort of damage only affects a part of one room. It involves slightly wet carpet and impacts only slightly absorptive materials like plywood and concrete sub-flooring. Class one water damage is usually the result of a leaky roof or a bathtub overflow. After most of the water is removed, there is only a small amount of absorption and moisture left. Usually, mopping and blotting with natural evaporation is enough to clean up this degree of damage. Although, you should lift the carpet to figure out if the sub-floor is damp.
This is the next level up; class two damage includes more water, which is absorbed by more building materials. It affects an entire room or produces large areas of wet carpet, water spreading up walls at least a foot, and moisture reaching structural elements. This type of event requires professional water removal, surface water extraction, and dehumidification.
Class three water damage involves the greatest amount of water and the highest absorption rates. To prevent serious harm to the home, this sort of event demands speedy evaporation. The flooring, sub-flooring, walls, and insulation must be saturated to be considered class three water damage. If the source of the water is above the ceiling, that may be saturated, too. Specialized equipment and advanced drying methods are needed to clean up this sort of leak.
The fourth and final class is reserved for special situations. Usually, only areas affected by heavy natural flooding experience class four water damage. There has to be enough water to saturate durable materials like concrete, stone, brick, and hardwood. In order to decrease the amount of moisture and humidity in the area, an expert must employ extremely aggressive drying methods. If the structure has been too severely damaged, however, the affected room may be beyond repair.
No matter what level of water damage your home has sustained, it is always best to contact professionals for assistance. Only they have the skills and experience needed to assess the extent of the damage and ensure your home is made safe once again. Contact us at Integrity Restoration & Remodeling Contractors LLC to learn how we can help.